July 23, 2017

A third of the world is obese or overweight, study finds

17 June 2017, 07:14 | Lena Norman

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Getty Images

They estimate that in 2015 more than 700 million people were obese with a body-mass index (BMI) of more than 30. The now accepted criteria for overweight is defined as body mass index (BMI) levels greater than 25 kg/m2 and obesity as BMI of 30 kg/m2.

And according to their evaluation it's not only adults who need to lose weight. The overall global prevalence of obesity was 5 percent among children and 12.0 percent among adults.

Using projections, the researchers assessed the worldwide status of obesity and being overweight. At the same time, more people are dying from weight-related health conditions than ever before - a development the authors are describing as a "growing and disturbing global public health crisis".

The researchers estimated more than 107 million children and 603 million adults can be counted are obese. In that time, obesity doubled in 73 countries and steadily rose in most others. Egypt, on the other hand, led the numbers in terms of adult obesity at nearly 35 percent.

The five nations and territories with the highest rates of obesity are American Samoa, Tonga, Samoa, Kuwait and Kiribati. Canada and the Gulf States follow close behind. The United States (79.4 million) and China (57.3 million) had the highest numbers of obese adults in 2015.

They found that the correlation between a high BMI and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease varies greatly from country to country, due in particular to differences in socio-economic development. It finds that almost 40% of deaths related to carrying excess weight were among people who were overweight but not obese.

For the study, the researchers looked at data collected around the world for over 68.5 million people.

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In Africa and South East Asia, obesity is still quite rare compared to the rest of the world.

The lowest rates of adult obesity were in Bangladesh and Vietnam, both at one per cent.

Obesity isn't just a problem of the developed world. Obesity rates among children are rising faster in many countries than among adults.

The researchers determined that the excess weight was linked to almost 4 million deaths worldwide in 2015. "People who are overweight are at high risk of mortality and other diseases [beyond obesity itself]". Rather, scientists believe the availability of "bad" foods-think: overly processed, nutrient-poor items like snacks and junk foods-are responsible for our collective weight gain.

The World Health Organization has called on European lawmakers for better regulation of advertising targeted at children, especially on foods. The commonest problems faced by these individuals include heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancers, stroke and other debilitating chronic ailments.

"In 2015, high BMI contributed to 4 million deaths, which represented 7.1 percent of the deaths from any cause", the team wrote in their report.

The post Obesity "epidemic" affects one in 10 worldwide appeared first on The Independent Uganda:. In Israel, about one in four women and one in six men are obese, the research found. Namely, they did not take into account risk factors across populations. The result is the most comprehensive, up-to-date report on the ongoing obesity problem now hitting the planet. It was proposed by the researchers that by eating slowly, it allows the body to recognize the consumption of food and to allow for the feeling of fullness to happen before the over consumption of food.

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